Set up of gardens
For setting up a garden it is advisable to take into consideration some preliminary aspects, namely
- extension of the area available
- weather conditions
- garden display
- type of sunshine
- coexistence between plant species
- types of land
- type of irrigation
- possible limiting factors (such as pollution)
The plants that can be housed are:
- arboreal plants
- shrubby plants
- bushy plants
- evergreen plants
- climbing plants
- herbaceous plants
- flowering plants
- Mediterranean plants
- rustic plants
- fat plants
- aquatic plants (if there is a body of water)
There are different types of gardens, namely:
* Classic garden
It is an installation inspired by an extreme aesthetic rigor, with wide expanses of green lawns alternated with ordered flower beds and with hedges conformed according to geometric patterns.
It is a very nice garden, which can be artificial
* Rustic garden
It contrasts sharply with the previous one because its layout is based on spontaneity since the plants, often native, must be in balance with each other and with the surrounding nature.
It is an example of a country garden, not at all artificial.
* Rock garden
It is a garden characterized by the presence of: rocks, river stones and vegetables, which are generally cultivated on terraces located among the rocks.
Plants must be adapted to extreme conditions, both climatic (often living in shady areas), and logistics (they have little space available to grow).
* Mediterranean garden
It is a garden rich in shrubby, bushy and evergreen plants, which have undergone adaptation to warm climate conditions (typical of the Mediterranean basin), provided with leaves of reduced dimensions (to reduce transpiration) and sclerophilous
* Zen garden
It is a garden inspired by the principles of Japanese culture, where three characteristic components alternate: water, rocks and plants; whose disposition has the purpose of allegorically representing man's journey towards eternity.
His particularly well-groomed appearance induces spiritual contemplation.
It is a long-lived and imposing tree, up to 40 meters high, with a slender trunk covered with a smooth and dark gray bark, which supports many branches arranged horizontally.
The leaves are bright dark green and have a rounded margin.
The fruits have the appearance of cylindrical and compact pine cones, arranged in the apical portion of the plant, of a color that changes from light green to dark brown.
It requires a deep, fresh and well-drained soil, and an exposure in bright areas of the garden.
It prefers environmental conditions with considerable humidity and tolerates the cold well.
It is an ornamental tree, with a thick crown and a rounded shape, with a slender and columnar trunk, up to 25-30 meters high.
The leaves are heart-shaped, with a serrated edge, of an intense green color, with alternate insertion.
The flowers are small, inconspicuous, but very fragrant whitish inflorescences.
The fruits are small capsules rich in seeds.
It must be exposed in full light, in fertile, well-drained, deep soils, enriched with peat, humus and clay.
It bears pollution and is well adaptable.
It is a shrubby plant, evergreen and flowery, very decorative due to the presence of beautiful flowers.
It has a semi-woody stem, with a height of up to 10 15 meters, which supports the bipinnate leaves, dark green, very delicate.
The flowers are gathered in flower head inflorescences, with a soft and feathery appearance, very fragrant, of an intense yellow and golden color.
The flowering is early, but does not last long: from January to March.
The fruits are dark legumes, containing a large quantity of seeds.
It requires a deep, well-drained soil with an acid component and enriched with peat, humus and river sand.
It must be positioned in sunny areas and at mild temperatures (never below 15 degrees).
2 fertilization cycles must be carried out: in spring and in autumn
It is a bushy, aromatic and evergreen plant, belonging to the Mediterranean scrub, which forms thick and ornamental tufts with rapid growth.
The stem is herbaceous, up to a meter high, and holds narrow and elongated silvery green leaves.
The flowers are gathered in spike inflorescences, purple in color, very fragrant.
It requires a well-drained soil, preferably a limestone component.
Being a rustic variety, it is well adaptable and durable.
It is an evergreen or semi evergreen herbaceous plant depending on the variety.
It presents an underground rhizome from which a herbaceous stem starts, up to a meter high, with leaves with full pennate or bipinnate lamina, slender, arched or hanging, of a bright green color.
The plant forms thick tufts that prefer the shady and humid areas of the garden, with a mild climate (minimum temperature of ten degrees).
It requires frequent spraying and fertilization to be carried out at least once a month.
Garden installations: Flowering plants
It is a flowery and ornamental herbaceous plant, which has an erect, delicate and supple stem, up to fifty centimeters high, of an intense green color.
The leaves are lanceolate, with alternate arrangement.
The flowers have a tubular appearance, enclosed by bracts, with a corolla of white and elongated petals, united in flower-shaped inflorescences, very decorative but not perfumed.
The fruit is an elongated oval achene of black color with white streaks.
It requires a soil with an acid or neutral pH, dry, sandy, well drained, enriched with humus and peat.
It must be housed in sunny areas with a temperate climate since it fears the cold: its ideal temperature is between ten and twenty degrees.
It is a herbaceous plant with a rigid stem covered with thorns, has lobed oval-shaped leaves and inserted into three or five numbers on a thorny central branch.
The flowers are characterized by corollas with brightly colored petals (white, pink, red), with a fleshy consistency, very fragrant.
Flowering continues throughout spring until early summer, reaching its peak in May.
It requires fertile and well-drained soils, enriched with peat and humus.
It is a very suitable plant to create flower beds, borders, or to fill decorative vases.