The red poppies, with flowers that embellish any outdoor space and are imposed by the vivacity of the colors, grow spontaneously both in cultivated lands, in the middle of the wheat fields, and in the meadows. They are cultivated with ease, require no special care and at the same time ensure a very special note to your garden. The flowers of the red poppies are placed at the ends of slender hairy stems and have velvety petals, of ephemeral beauty. They can be grown in the most arid and sunny areas of the garden, not well suited to other flowers and to which the red poppies give a natural and wild beauty. The red poppy It is a plant appreciated not only for its appearance, but also for its therapeutic virtues and for its use in the kitchen.
Main features of the poppy plant red
A native plant of the Mediterranean basin, the red poppy (or common poppy or rosolaccio) belongs to the Papaveraceae family. The genus Papaver includes more than 70 species, of different colors and of different sizes. Some species can even reach one meter in height, while dwarf varieties are just 20-25 cm high. The genus Papaver includes both annual and perennial species. The annual species, which also includes papaver somniferum, are often toxic.
THE flowers delicate and odorless of the poppy are placed at the end of the slender stem, the leaves are oval, long, with serrated edges and covered with a thick hair. The stem produces a milky substance that repels insects.
At our latitudes the poppy plant red grows spontaneously and includes over 120 different varieties. Most of them have red petals with black spots at the base. The upright-standing stems are robust and long. They have a thick hair and hold elongated leaves with serrated edges. The flowers begin to bloom from mid-May to June but there are late varieties that extend their blooms until October. It is precisely the flower that contains precious active ingredients that are used in the official pharmacopoeia. In particular, some substances have sedative properties at the base of many remedies with a calming effect. The stamens are used in herbal medicine to create relaxing sedative infusions for both the mind and the muscles.
Red poppy in short
|Type of plant||From flowers, from cut|
|Use||Balcony, terrace, garden, hedge|
|Height at maturity||From 15 cm to 60-80 cm|
|Diseases and pests||Aphids and powdery mildew|
|Temperature||Resistance to cold, but not to humid heat|
Variety of red poppy
There are many varieties of red poppy at present. Some are the result of random crosses in nature while others were created with hybridizations. Among the most beautiful varieties there is undoubtedly the Atlantic poppy. It is originally from Morocco and the flowers are particularly large. Resists well to high temperatures and does not fear prolonged periods of drought. Also the poppy rupifragum is highly decorative and grows spontaneously in southern Spain. The flowers have an orange-red shade and once flowered, they last on the stems for a couple of days before falling to the ground. Among the most suitable varieties to create borders there are the heldreichi and the lateritium. Both come from Turkey but also grow well in our latitudes.
Blooming red poppy
The flowering of the red poppy lasts the whole summer, coloring the whole garden with deep red spots: the shape and the color make the flowers immediately evident in the borders, in the rock gardens and in the flowerbeds, despite the slender shape of the plant . It must be remembered that the ephemeral beauty of red poppy was a source of inspiration for many poets and painters, for example we can mention Claude Monet who portrayed them in the painting "Poppies" and Vincent Van Gogh in the "Field of Poppies".
Red poppy can be associated in gardens with other wildflowers, colchics, scions or other green plants.
The cultivation of red poppy
|Ground||Calcareous, sandy, well-drained|
|Cleaning / Pruning||Absent|