Type of terrain, ideal climate and suitable location
The eggplant is a vegetable that grows mainly in a climate with high temperatures, in particular where the temperature even at night does not fall above 12-15 ° C. for this reason the cultivation of this vegetable is more frequent in central and southern Italy. Before starting to grow aubergines it is important to work the soil well and in depth already before the cultivation starts, to allow the roots to develop in depth. The soil must first be fertilized and sufficiently drained, after which it can be started with sowing. The most favorable period for sowing is around January-February in areas that have a more temperate climate, in cold areas it is preferable to wait until March. Using planting instead, the most suitable period for transplanting is July. It is important to keep in mind that the seedlings must be arranged one from the other at a distance of about 50 cm. To obtain a good result it is good to keep in mind to choose a place exposed to the sun, and possibly near a dry wall to be used as a shelter; It is also useful to have some supports that will be used during the growth of the plant.
Weeding and watering of the soil
Weeding the soil is a useful system that allows us to protect the plant from the weeds (weeds that damage the plant and fill it with parasites), and favors a more rapid water absorption by preventing stagnation. Initially the plant will have to be watered about 2-3 times a week, while once grown, it will suffice to water it when the soil is dry. These plants suffer not only from the strong cold, which prevents their growth, but they are also intolerant towards drought, so it is necessary, especially in summer, to water the plant every day, and with plenty of water. If a dry climate occurs, it is good to water it even several times a day, as to cultivate aubergines at best a damp soil and a sunny environment is preferable. To help the growth of the plant it is more useful to mulch, or cover the ground with inert materials that are used to prevent the plant from being infested by other plants or pests, to keep the soil moist and the substratum fresh, and to avoid the frost in the coldest periods.
The best time to harvest aubergines is certainly between the end of August and the first half of September. Once grown, to recognize ready vegetables this simple trick is useful: just check the outer skin. Often, being mature, they may seem ready to be caught; and instead this happens only when the skin is no longer shiny, but will have taken on the classic opacity that characterizes these vegetables. Even if the aubergine has not reached satisfactory dimensions, when the peel becomes opaque, it is ready to be harvested; prolonging its permanence on the plant is equivalent to worsening the situation, making it more poor (the pulp is no longer elastic, streaks appear and a greater quantity of seeds is present). To remove the eggplant from the plant it is necessary to use a well sharpened knife, or to use a pair of scissors suitable for gardening. It is possible to keep the vegetables for many days in a cool place or in the refrigerator, the plastic bags are less suitable, where they risk to rot more quickly.
Growing aubergines: Growing in pots
Growing potted aubergines is not impossible, far from it! As we have seen, it is not a plant that requires enormous efforts or particular attention, just a few simple and quick tricks. Obviously this also applies to growing in pots. So anyone can have his plant safely in his home. This procedure requires the use of a vase about 50 cm in diameter, and necessarily tall. In this case it is always better to start from the seedlings rather than from the sowing, and it is better to equip the plant with the appropriate supports. As for the waterings, also in this case they will have to be frequent and abundant, and the leaves must be avoided. For the choice of the soil, it is more convenient to use a common soil mixed with manure. This plant does not need chemical treatments against pests, the only thing it needs is a permanent exposure to the sun.