Fruit and Vegetables

Lemon plants with dry fruits


Question: Lemon plants with dry fruits


I live in Salerno, in a small 40 sqm garden I have 2 lemon trees of excellent quality, sfusato amalfitano and Sicilian, both located in a rocky terrain.
They are very productive, they are about 25 years of age but the fruits are not very juicy and have segments with so much grain.
You can suggest me a remedy or the problem is due to unsuitable soil.
Thank you and greetings.

Answer: Lemon plants with dry fruits


Dear Sergio,
the quality of the pulp and the quantity of the seeds in the citrus fruits are characteristics determined by the variety that is intended to be cultivated; in your case, the fact that two excellent varieties produce a hard and not very juicy pulp, is probably due to cultivation problems, probably due to irrigation: the citrus fruit pulp is very rich in water, if the plants do not receive sufficient irrigation, they give rise to with very dry fruits. Consider that lemons (and most citrus fruits) are plants of Asian origin, and in nature they live in tropical or subtropical climate areas, characterized by an alternation of dry seasons and wet seasons. Irrigations are essential when cultivating lemons, considering that in citrus fruit orchards in general a drip irrigation system is set up, so that each individual tree has the water necessary to bring the swollen fruit to maturity and juicy. Therefore, it is probable that in your case, the very stony soil, results excessively draining for your citrus fruits, which therefore need some more watering; this does not mean that your plants love living in a soil that is always wet, it will be sufficient to intervene a few times more with watering, especially when the fruits are present on the plant. As for the seeds, consider that the quantity of seeds is usually due to the variety, but surely, in a dry and compact pulp the seeds are noticed more than those present in a swollen fruit of water; therefore it could simply be the normal quantity of seeds, whose perception is heightened by the pulp surrounding the seeds, which is excessively lacking in water. Having said this, consider however that a variability in the pulp of lemon fruits can also be determined by different climatic conditions that follow one another in different years, or by the age of the plants; that is: a thing is a citrus plant that since you remember you has always produced too dry fruit; another thing is that a plant that has always produced excellent quality citrus fruits, rich in juice, over the years has progressively begun to produce increasingly dry fruits, or perhaps that suddenly, from one year to the next, the quality of the pulp of the lemons is heavily deteriorated. They are different scenarios, which cannot be excluded given the few data provided in your letter. Consider that, if over the years, your lemon trees have started to produce fruit that is less and less rich in juice, it could simply be a matter related to the age of the plants, which may therefore need to be re-grafted; or it could be plants that have never been pruned, and therefore may need an operation to rejuvenate the foliage.