Choose to plant grapes
To decide to undertake the cultivation of vines and produce table or wine grapes, it is necessary to have very sunny soil. This is the primary condition, since the screws do not like the shaded or damp places. Unless you have space for many plants, in which case you can undertake the cultivation of wine grapes, you can choose to plant table grapes, white or red, with or without seeds. There are many varieties; they range from the famous Italia grapes, from the big and juicy grain, to the Pizzutello Bianco, and again to the Red Globe, to the very productive Big Perlon, the Queen, the Victoria, the Rosada, Palieri and many others. To choose the best type for each climate you can turn to a nursery in your area, which will advise you as best as possible, or search for a suggestion online, once you have identified the characteristics of the terrain and the climate in which the plants will be positioned. optimal of the rows is that carried out on a degrading ground that assures a good drainage and absence of water stagnation.
How to plant grapes
Once the variety of vines to be planted is identified, the planting proceeds. In addition to the good ventilation and sunshine of the plant, it is necessary to take into account that the vine needs space, therefore each stem will be spaced at least 2 - 3 meters from the other. The vine lives many years, even a hundred, so it is good to foresee this particular. The best time to plant grapes is from October to May. It is necessary to dig a hole of about 50 cm, which allows the roots to position themselves well. In the hole any pebbles and roots must be eliminated and improved soil must be added from compound manure and plantation soil. The screw should be placed in the hole so that the graft point is just above the ground; fill the hole with the soil, if necessary mixed with other planting soil, and press well. It is advisable to create a small basin around the stem that will be watered abundantly. If planted in autumn, cover the soil around the graft, covering it, to protect it from frost.
Cultivation rules for grapes
During the first year the vine does not produce grapes and, in the case, it should be however decidedly pruned to allow it to fortify. The vine must grow high, so it is necessary to provide it with valid supports; these can be espalier, against espalier or pergola. A single plant can also be structured as a sapling. Pruning is essential for the vine. This plant bears fruit on young branches so in the resting season it must be pruned with decision. By February - March, three buds must be left on the secondary branches, in some cases even two. During the summer, some additional pruning may be appropriate. A well maintained vine resists disease and with routine treatments it produces good crops without getting sick. Before the vegetative restart, at the end of winter, it undergoes the first treatment; it follows the preventive one with Bordeaux mixture. During the vegetation, the grape plant will have fungicide treatments and other care, in the case of particular symptoms. It is generally fertilized in the fall, with organic fertilizer.
Planting grapes: Collect and store grapes
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During the first two to three years, the grape plant does not produce a valid harvest. Later it will regularly bear fruit for many decades. The maturation of the grains, or berries, occurs between the middle of summer and autumn, depending on the climate, the variety and the position. The best way to understand when the vines have bunches that can be harvested is to taste some beans taken in different positions: when it is sweet, it is ripe and ready for harvest. The bunches are picked by cutting them with a pair of scissors and leaving a few centimeters of shoots on the bunch. It is kept in a bag in the refrigerator and kept fresh for at least three weeks. proven efficacy and, together with mineral salts and vitamins, make this fruit a true ally of health and good nutrition.