Garden furniture

Outdoor Floors


The external space, to assume a certain aesthetic decorum, but also a certain safety and trampling possibility, must be adequately paved. Of course we are not talking about a private land on which to grow flowers and plants, but of the outside space in front of which to stay in the company of family or friends. Usually, this space is known as a garden, but also as a terrace, in case it is in the final part of a building. Outdoor flooring is laid using tiles or tiles also known as "outdoor floors". In addition to those just mentioned, the outdoor areas also include a veranda and a balcony. The first is the partially covered version of a terrace or a space in front of a garden. The second is the external extension of a raised floor protected by a suitable railing. It must be said that even the balcony, if covered with special walls and covers, can become a veranda. Here, however, we talk about outdoor floors, important finishes for both the balcony and the terrace, the veranda or the garden. The topic is so vast and interesting that it deserves an entire section of content. In fact, our online magazine publishes a section dedicated to outdoor floors. Every single article will explore different aspects of these finishes and other issues of interest to consumers. In this introductory text, meanwhile, we want to provide you with some general information on the floors to be used for outdoor spaces. Outdoor floors, precisely because they are intended for outdoor spaces, must have specific requirements and characteristics. Meanwhile they must be non-slip and resistant to external agents, they must also be simple to clean and preferably not porous to avoid absorbing humidity. The anti-slip properties of outdoor floors depend on the materials, but also on the treatments that these floors undergo during processing. In general, outdoor floors have a rough texture that prevents them from slipping. Outdoor floors must also withstand impacts and traction to avoid breaking or breaking. During the processing phase, outdoor floors are subjected to tests that also verify their ability to withstand weights and traumas. A good indicator of the quality of outdoor tiles is the coefficient of friction. This value, indicated with the letter R followed by a number, indicates the resistance and the degree of roughness of the tile. The outdoor tiles the best ones are those that have a friction coefficient equal to eleven, therefore those indicated with the code R11. The external pavings must be placed on all the open spaces on which you need to stay or walk. An external surface covered by floors is not only more decorous from an aesthetic point of view, but also hygienically safer. In fact, the beaten or unpaved ground produces dust and accumulations of humidity, but also weeds. Thus creating a relaxation area or an outdoor dining room on an uncoated soil would not be a good idea. On the contrary, a paved surface is welcoming, pleasant, easy to walk on and suitable for placing different furniture and furnishings. Outdoor floors must also be laid in the area in front of the swimming pool, an area commonly known as a "solarium", but also at the edges. Floors or tiles for swimming pools are some particular types of tiles that are used to cover and decorate both the outside area of ​​the pool, but also the bottom. Pool floor tiles are only used in underground structures built in masonry and inspired by highly decorative and typical styles of ancient Rome. Swimming pool floors must also be more resistant than those used for other outdoor spaces. These floors must in fact withstand even the products used to protect themselves from the sun and for the cleaning of the tank, therefore also for chlorine and sunscreens. Outdoor floors can be made of various materials, provided they are resistant and non-slip. The materials change according to the area in which they are to be installed. For public and vehicular spaces we use concrete, cement, stone, porphyry, self-locking panels in reinforced concrete and slabs of natural stone, called beole. For the terrace, instead, stone or porcelain stoneware floors are used. The choice of materials for outdoor flooring can be customized according to one's tastes and aesthetic needs, provided that the floors are resistant to frost and humidity, water-repellent and non-slip. On the terrace you can also use wooden floors. The external wooden floors are made with boards of ecological wood and resistant to external agents. In the garden, stone and concrete floors can fit, especially in areas frequently crossed by vehicles and people. The choice of one material over another must always be evaluated based on the availability of your budget and on the style you want to give to some particular areas of the garden. The avenues, for example, species that are lined with plants and shrubs, take on a particular appearance if they are covered with tiles or slabs of natural stone. Outdoor floors can have different shapes and sizes. Usually, for the outside, square or rectangular tiles of large sizes, such as those of 40 x40 (centimeters) or 30 x 50, are to be preferred. The shape and size of the tiles, however, vary according to the area to be floor. Some areas may require smaller tiles, others instead larger tiles. In any case, outdoor floors are available in many shapes and sizes. There are not only square or rectangular models, but also hexagon or rhombus models. Particularly refined are the mosaic floors, used both in semi-covered and external spaces. The mosaics, in fact, were floors used in ancient times. These tiles were placed inside noble villas or monumental public buildings. Traces of mosaic floors are still visible in the monuments and archaeological finds scattered throughout Italy. Very well known, in this sense, are the mosaics of Villa Romana del Casale, in Piazza Armerina, in the province of Enna. Mosaic floors have a texture composed of small pebbles that together form a design. Modern mosaic floors are actually large slabs each containing a predefined mosaic design. With these floors it is possible to make designs of various types, including flowers, other plant shapes, but also objects. Outdoor mosaic floors give a very classic style to the outdoor space. These finishes are often also used as a coating for the pool. The stone is the first choice material for outdoor flooring. Obtained from the rock and from the porphyry, the stone gives a rustic and antiqued appearance to the external space. Reconstructed stone is also widely used for open spaces, a coating obtained from a mixture of water, cement, clay and coloring oxides. This mixture creates antique stone effect floors that can be used both on internal and external surfaces. The reconstructed stone is also used to cover walls, walls and facades, but also paths and paths. The oxides that are added to the mixture of water, clay and cement are used to give a specific color to the stone. Reconstructed stone floors can in fact be ivory, sand, yellow, reddish, or of the same color as cement. These floors are often found in the coatings of restaurants, hotels and holiday farms. Their effect is decidedly very chic despite their apparent rusticity. For the exterior, cement floors are also often preferred, a material widely used in construction. The floors in this material can be rustic or finished and colored. Sometimes, concrete flooring is only made with a surface throw on the ground. However, these floors are used in industrial environments, in warehouses and warehouses, for example, where work is carried out that would stain and make another type of flooring very little. For a very simple and rustic style, concrete-throw flooring can also be used for garden paths, where the gray of the cement manages to blend perfectly with the green of the plants and shrubs that open to the sides. This type of pavement, once, was also used in peasant houses. In small rural communities, in fact, it was not uncommon to find rooms with built-in kitchens built on simple floors with a concrete range. These floors are also used on the terrace, but for greater insulation it is also advisable to add a coating with tiles. Modern concrete floors can also be made with decorated and colored cement tiles. These tiles, very refined in detail and in detail, are non-slip and particularly suitable for outdoor environments. Wood is a very precious and refined material, so much so that it is widely used for both interiors and exteriors. However, outdoor wooden floors must have an extra gear, as they are constantly exposed to the elements. The most used wood for the exterior is teak. With this material, in fact, the furnishings and outdoor furniture are also produced. Teak floors are resistant to frost, sun, humidity and aggressive chemicals. Due to these characteristics, they are also used to finish the pool edge. Wooden floors are also used to cover the terrace. The slabs or wooden tiles are available in different colors, shapes and sizes. The most common are the platforms, ie large square-shaped tiles, and the slats, or rectangular strips. The colors available range from sand to cherry to dark brown. In order to hide the traces of dust and dirt, it is however advisable to choose darker tones. The outdoor flooring can also be in terracotta and porcelain stoneware. The terracotta floor is frequently used for the veranda, a place half-covered and therefore not completely exposed to external agents. The terracotta, made by working a clay paste at high temperatures, is a very refined floor, but unfortunately also very delicate, due to its extreme porosity. Porcelain stoneware floors are also very popular for exterior cladding. This material, which gives life to tiles with different shapes and colors, is worked to have a rough and perfectly non-slip surface. Further details on outdoor floors are contained in our section. Enjoy the reading.
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