Choosing a garden is a matter of taste. It is possible to design it according to a specific style and only a few accurate details are needed to make it. Every style of garden, be it Asian, cottage or formal, all have particular characteristics such as colored plants in flower beds, climbing plants on the boundary walls, water features and furnishing materials. All this properly assembled identifies a style that also corresponds to our state of mind and the way of conceiving the construction of a garden. We therefore focus on three styles that are among the most loved in the world and structured in harmony with shapes and colors. The most beautiful gardens are undoubtedly those designed with natural shapes that recall mountains, lakes and forests or more simply the Anglo-Saxon style where elegance and geometry combined with colors are enhanced. Always when we think of a garden we are reminded of the English type even though Chinese and Japanese have been the masters of the garden's art and culture and plant manipulations since ancient times, a mix of elegance and colors that are often considered real works of art. The gardens that we intend to analyze and design are therefore those of the East and those typical of Anglo-Saxon culture.
Garden projects: Asian style
In the Asian tradition the contemplation of landscape and nature can be reproduced in a garden. The Chinese and Japanese traditionally consider the space inside a garden sacred and consider the outside world profane. The Chinese-style garden structured with ponds and flower beds in the shape of small islands has influenced Japanese gardeners. In fact the islands symbolize the abodes of immortal spirits and are described with carefully positioned mounds of earth or jagged rocks set in an artificial lake. Zen monks have applied this concept in a flat rectangle of fine raked gravel on which protruding rocks are carefully placed. The stones represent islands or mountains, the gravel raked instead the mass of water around them.
Garden projects: cottage style
Every well-cultivated garden must express the joy and passion for plants that each individual likes best. The cottages were built centuries ago as humble enclosures where small houses surrounded by wild flora were placed and useful crops for domestic life. The spaces were narrow and housed livestock and vegetables, berry bushes, fragrant flowers and herbs for crafts, cooking and medicine. In the nineteenth century, the garden next to the house took on a more romantic appearance inspired by paintings depicting houses, gardens, courtyards full of planters and borders with flowers, bulbs, herbs, roses and apple trees. This is therefore an informal style that gives them a touch of elegance but at the same time does not express particular geometric rules, therefore, it can also be cultivated with the same criteria and uses of the ancestors obviously with a pinch of logic and, given the change of the times with many technologically more modern equipment. The popularity of this English look (cottage) never seems to vanish with its colors, with flowers like hydrangeas and roses that reveal a joyful mood that promotes mental relaxation. We therefore see the elements that make up the style of a traditional English cottage. First of all you need to place decorative objects with suitable colors and designs and stone or wooden concrete sculptures. Obviously the classic fences with wooden fences of medium height and finely crafted terracotta or concrete vases cannot be missing. The flooring should be laid with aged style bricks with warm tones that allow the flower and leaves to stand out. The furniture must be made with fabrics and garden furniture in light colors that recall those of nature to blend into one with the flowers of the garden.
Garden projects: Garden projects: formal style
A formal garden is the best near a traditional English style house so that the echoes of the garden embellish the architecture of the house. The formal gardens are symmetrical, with a main axis and minor axes with different branches that all lead to the main one. The main axis is often accessed from a specific location near the house (the front door, a balcony or a terrace). The pedestrian area winds through a sort of path adorned on the sides by borders that characterize flower beds and flower boxes. Considering that love for plants and nature inspires Asian cottages and gardens, formal designs instead express the human ideal and therefore give more importance to the personalized appearance before plants and flowers. The ideal for a formal garden is to create it in half shade so as to cultivate according to the shaded areas plants that require specific exposure. A garden in the shade requires less frequent watering than one exposed to the sun, but must be kept humid because the roots of the adjacent trees absorb much more than the flowerbed. Therefore it is advisable to install a water source in a convenient location for irrigation. This can be done either with the classic garden pump or with programmed irrigation that can be tracked when the garden soil is created. Near large trees it is advisable to cultivate plants with large foliage to create a particular contrast. Finally, as regards the lighting of the garden at night, it is advisable to choose a suffused color for pedestrian walkways and walls, while for statues, benches or other concrete furnishings a white light is ideal to enhance its geometry.